Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona


Escola de Postgrau

Escuela de Postgrado









The psychological analysis of handwriting, or graphoanalysis, consists in the study and practice of advanced graphological techniques which offer a scientific interpretation of an individual’s personality based on handwriting and, in part, on doodles and drawings. Through a graphoanalytical personality diagnosis, one can obtain the percentile of the predominant temperament as well as character and psychoanalytical combinations, making it possible to offer a complete report on the psychosomatic, volitional, moral, intellectual and mental characteristics of the piece of writing being examined.


Despite the fact that scientific graphology has a long, valid tradition in Europe (mainly in German, Swiss and Italian universities), there are few specialists in the field, for which reason graphology does not exist in Spain as its own degree course. However, thanks to the surprisingly positive results that have been verified by court institutions and the business world, there are more and more university graduates and professionals from interdisciplinary fields who are interested in graphoanalysis as an effective analytical tool, backed up since its beginnings by clinical methodology supported by the medical field.


This unique, original programme (part of the third cycle of studies at the UAB) is meant for anyone working in human relations who would like to specialise in the aforementioned graphoanalytical techniques as a practical tool for diagnosing character and personality, with various applications: education (developmental age), work (staff hiring and orientation) and pathology and criminology (including police and court work: disappearances, violence and physical abuse, sexual abuse, harassment, suicide, etc.).


Basic Programme Contents


Foundations, principles and schools of scientific graphology Foundations. Neurophysiologic bases. Specialisations and spheres of application. Classics, integrators, innovators, current graphology. Epistemology. General laws to be applied when psychologically interpreting handwriting. The French school. The Italian school. The German school. Scientific validation of graphology. Current topics of research.


The Psychology of Writing (the foundations of the psychological interpretation of handwriting): Space and graphic organisation. The symbolism of graphic space, graphic areas. Movement and shape. Rhythm. The dynamics of writing, a reflection of the dynamics of the personality. Basic rhythm. Signatures and texts. The graphic context, harmony, balance, writing-type, structure.


Theories in applying psychological analysis of Personality via handwriting: Personality classifications used by graphoanalysts.


Graphoanalytical techniques: Augusto Vels and the Spanish School of Graphoanalysis. The systematic methodology: graphoanalysis’s parameters. Analysis, evaluation, and graphodiagnosis by character and psychoanalytical typologies: especially, the Vels method and TA (transactional analysis). Includes the computerised assessment system based on the Vels method as well as Viñals and Puente's computerised system of transactional graphoanalysis.

Exercises in scoring parameters, assessment and classifying Hippocratic temperament (Dr. Periot), character (Heymans-Le Senne), attitude toward life (Jung), psychic function (Jung), tension degrees (Dr. Pophal), transactional analysis typologies: father, critical father, nourishing father, adult, little professor, adapted child, rebellious adapted child, submissive adapted child and free child (Viñals and Puente).


Psychological analysis of children’s and adolescents’ handwriting: Indications of developmental normality / abnormality. Foundations for applying Ajuriaguerra scales. Doodles, drawings and writing.

Real examples with graphic samples (writing and drawings) in clinical histories and psychotherapeutic developments.


Graphopathology: The study of the main signs and graphic combinations that indicate pathology. How physical pathologies are reflected in writing. Mental pathologies verified through writing analysis. Practical applications of DSM in graphoanalysis.


Myokinetic psychodiagnosis (PMK): Introduction to the work of Emilio Mira y Lopez and its applications to graphology. Dr Mira y López’s graphic-expressive test (PMK). Advanced applications of PMK-R.   


Psychological analysis of writing in hiring and orienting staff: Recruitment and hiring. Signs of rejection in the initial selection process.  Predisposition and professional adaptation through handwriting (assessment by job description). Exercises in recruiting and hiring job applicants based on their writing and according to the position to be filled.


Juridical and criminological foundations (Law practical orientation):

Practical concepts in criminology and constitutional, civil and procedural law (basic human rights, pathology and disability from the juridical point of view, expert analysis of the psychophysical, mental and criminological state).


Personality disorders (DSM): The development of symptoms and DSM clinical classifications.


Graphic projective tests: Introduction to and study of the most effective graphic projective techniques and analysis of important practical examples from judicial work.


Writing analysis and forensic medicine: Points to be considered when drawing up expert opinions within the field of forensic medicine and forensic psychiatry.


Practice in psychological analysis of handwriting: Forensic work. Exploration of psychopathological symptoms. Applications and practical examples from civil, domestic, criminological, penal and labour-related aspects. Writing reports.


(Illustration using images of writing samples and drawings. How to organise the information obtained from graphisms for writing reports. The drafting of different kinds of reports, both individually and in groups).




Professor Francisco Viñals Carrera is member of the World Jurist Association and has been decorated by the Ministry of Defence.  In 1993, he set up the specialisation in Forensic Handwriting Analysis at the Instituto de Criminología y Cátedra de Derecho Penal at the Universidad Complutense, local section at Cordoba. This programme of studies was brought to the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in 1996, to the Escuela de Práctica Jurídica (School of Legal Practice) within the Escuela de Doctorado y Formación Continuada (School of Doctorate Studies and Continuing Education), now called the Graduate School. He is member of the International Police Association and professor at the Escola de Policia de Catalunya (Catalan Police School) and at the EPSI-UAB. He has collaborated on various alternative draft bills and works as a consultant for high international authorities in the capacity of institutional commissioner for training in criminalistics and graphological sciences. In 2003, he was chosen for “Personatges de Catalunya” (Important Catalans), and included in volume XIII of the Història Contemporània de Catalunya due to the contributions his work has made to society.


Professor María Luz Puente Balsells is an anthropologist, criminalist and scientific investigator. She specialised in forensic research at the Escuela de Medicina Legal (School of Forensic Medicine) of the Universidad Complutense, in psychological analysis of handwriting at the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca, and in intelligence services at the Universitat de Barcelona (UB). She is coordinating professor of the studies programmes in Forensic Handwriting Analysis and in Criminalistics, Information Analysis and Advanced Forensic-Science Techniques at the Graduate School of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB). She is professor of scientific techniques applied to criminal investigation at the Escola de Prevenció i de Seguretat Integral (School of Accident Prevention and Integrated Safety) at the UAB. She is also a member of the managing board of the Instituto de Ciencias del Grafismo, director of the Seminario de Inteligencia Civil y Militar (Seminar on Civil and Military Intelligence – ADPCI) and vice-president of the Spanish Association of Consultant Graphologists. Previously she worked as a writer for various media, taught information studies, and also worked as a professor attached to the Col·legi Oficial de Doctores y Llicenciats en Filosofia, Lletres i Ciències de Catalunya (Catalan Association of Doctors and Undergraduates in Philosophy, Arts and Sciences).


Together they have co-authored:

-Diccionario Jurídico-Pericial del Documento Escrito (Legal Dictionary - Expertise in Written Documents), Barcelona, Ed. Herder, 2006

-Análisis de Escritos y Documentos en los Servicios Secretos (The Analysis of Writings and Documents in the Secret Services), Barcelona, Ed. Herder, 2003

-Pericia Caligráfica Judicial. Práctica, casos y modelos (Forensic Handwriting Analysis: Practice, Examples and Models), Barcelona, Ed. Herder, 2001

-Psicodiagnóstico por la Escritura. Grafoanálisis Transaccional (Psychodiagnostic Assessment via Handwriting: Transactional Graphoanalysis), Barcelona, Ed. Herder, 1999


Professor Josep Llobet Aguado is a jurist, judge pro tempore at the Audiencia Provincial (provincial criminal court) of Barcelona, and professor of Civil Law working at the Department of Private Law at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. He directs doctorate courses at the university and has represented the UAB in training judges in other countries

Co-author of:

-El deber de información de los contratos, Madrid, Editorial Marcial Pons, 1996

-Comentarios a la ley sobre condiciones generales de contratación, Madrid, Editorial Tecnos, 1999

Secretariat tel. 93 321.57.48  (answering machine)


Lecturers: The team of teachers on this programme, apart from Prof. Francisco Viñals and Prof. María Luz Puente who will teach and supervise most of the practical classes, include distinguished professors such as Josep Maria Tous and Santiago Estaún; important doctors and psychiatrists who are also graphoanalysts, such as Prof. Buenaventura Deusedes and Prof. Antonio Ruiz de Azúa; exceptional psychologists who are also graphoanalysts, such as Prof. Lynn Pérez-Calvo and Prof. Teresa Pont; as well as judges and experts in graphology from the scientific police.

There will be many visiting professors – representatives from the most prestigious graphology institutions in Spain – such as María Dolores Mora, Jordi Morera, Manuel J. Moreno, and F. Flores; important professionals from abroad are expected to participate as well; there will be additional support and special contributions made by honorary professors such as Joseph Seiler, Silvio Lena, Pacífico Cristofanelli, A. Gauthier and Pedro-José Foglia.


Target students: Psychiatrists, doctors, anthropologists, psychotherapists, social workers, certified nurses, criminologists, qualified detectives, managers or specialists in human resources, teachers, educators, certified judicial expert analysts, specialists and leaders working in public and private safety.  An undergraduate degree (licenciatura or diplomatura) is a prerequisite; persons with the appropriate professional background or with a foreign degree may however be allowed to participate at the programme directors’ discretion; in those cases, upon successful completion of the programme they will be given a certificate stating that they followed the postgraduate-degree programme, noting the classes, class hours and credits.


Objectives of the programme: Students will learn to analyse writing as well as other tests and graphic expressions, using specific and systematic methodologies for gaining a deeper understanding of the individual in terms of personality, development, relationships, pathologies and criminology. For each case, students will be provided with effective tools for understanding individuals through the parameters of graphic expression. The techniques used are the result of the coming together of validated methods employed in the various European schools (French, German, Swiss and Italian) with special emphasis on the graphoanalytical techniques derived from the Spanish school founded by Augusto Vels and currently under development by Professor Viñals and Professor Puente.

The Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona’s goal is to offer an intense education with specialist knowledge of the subject matter, such that it may be applied practically.


Total hours: 750 h.  (including practice time and tutorials), equivalent to 30 ECTS


Schedule: Fridays, 5pm to 9pm (January 2009 and ends October 2009, with breaks at Easter and summer). Students must attend all classes, but a special group requiring only part-time attendance might be set up for students living outside of Catalonia with experience in the profession, if UAB has tutors available.


Place: In the historical building “Casa Convalescència” within the Hospital de Sant Pau, c/ Sant Antoni Maria Claret, 171 (at the corner of c/ Sant Quintí), 08041 Barcelona.  Ergonomic classrooms fitted with projectors.

(Public transportation: Bus: 15, 19, 20, 45, 47, 50 and 51; Metro line 5, “Hospital de Sant Pau”, or line 4, “Guinardó”)

Pre-registration: Send an e-mail to the director, María Luz Puente Balsells: info@grafologiauniversitaria.com

or send your information by ordinary mail to: Dirección de Estudios de Peritaje Grafopsicológico Prof. Mª Luz Puente, E. Postgrado, UAB, Campus Barcelona Apt. 89015, 08080 Barcelona, or by fax: (+34) 93 323 24 71.Pre-registration must be confirmed personally, as must all enrolment procedures (since space is limited, enrolment will follow the order in which students pre-register).


Enrolment: November-December 2008 (you will be informed on what days the enrolment procedure will be carried out)


Price:  1,200 euros.


Rights: status of a student in the third cycle of studies at the UAB with student card and access to libraries.


Teaching materials: students will be given material throughout the course including notes, study samples, milimetric templates, CDs, articles, news items, database information and specialist reading lists.


Tutorials: includes face-to-face as well as virtual supporting tutorials.


Assessment: Ongoing (students will each have to prepare as many exercises and reports as they are given individually or in work groups, until reaching a level high enough to merit a passing grade).




Once the student has passed the course, they will be given the following credentials: an official academic document from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona stating that the student has passed the programme in PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF HANDWRITING, GRAPHOANALYSIS, GRAPHOPATHOLOGY AND GRAPHIC PROJECTIVE TESTS from the Graduate School, with the classes, hours and credits detailed.  The student may request a diploma for the postgraduate degree from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; in the case of those students who were accepted into the programme by the directors thanks to their professional career or due to having a foreign degree that has not been officially recognised by the Spanish government, a certification will be given of having followed the postgraduate degree studies.


These studies are sufficient for entering the Spanish Association of Consultant Graphologists; members of the association are given certification and professional proof of accreditation.





UAB building -Casa Convalescència-
c. San Antonio Mª Claret, 171 - 08041 Barcelona (Spain)
Telf: (34) 93. 321.57.48 - (34) 93.433.50.00

http://www.grafologiauniversitaria.com - mariluzpuente@hotmail.com